Modelbuchs or modelbooks are the name given to the early printed patterns books that became widespread in the mid-16th Century. Most are divided into two or three sections, in no particular order.
The first type resembles modern cross-stitch patterns. They are worked on a grid in black and white. They could be used for any number of counted-work techniques, such as long-armed cross stitch to produced Voided or Assisi work or needlepoint.
This is what my interpretation of the above pattern looks like:
The second type is designed for making needlelace, a forerunner of modern bobbin-based laces. An example from Paganino:
The third is free form patterns, which could be used for a variety of things, including use on chemises or shirts or for goldwork on outwear such as bodices, doublets or capes. From Shorleyker:
Here are some examples of what you can do with the spot motifs. I made these small scent pouches filled with lavendar to give away to people at events.
So, if you are interested in some free patterns (and I know you are!!), why not try some of these online modelbuchs below and don't forget to post images of the finished product in our Flickr Embroidery group!
- Federic Vinciolo - "Singvliers Et Novveaux Povrtraicts" - http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/vinciolo/
- William Barley. 1596 - "A booke of curious and strange inventions" (archived) - http://web.archive.org/web/20040101025203/http://www.infotrope.net/sca/texts/inventions/
- Richard Schorleyker, 1632 - "A Scholehouse for the Needle" (archived page) - http://web.archive.org/web/20040206052811/http://infotrope.net/sca/texts/scholehouse/
- Paganino Il Burato - http://www.cs.arizona.edu/patterns/weaving/italian.html
- Giovanni Ostaus La Vera Perfezione del Disegno, 1561 - http://www.cs.arizona.edu/patterns/weaving/italian.html
- Giardineto Novo, Punta Tagliati, Matthio Pagan, 1550 - http://www.cs.arizona.edu/patterns/weaving/italian.html
- Christian Egenolf, Modelbuch aller art Nehewercks un Strickens. - http://www.cs.arizona.edu/patterns/weaving/books.html#E
Printed Modelbuchs - Modern Reprints:
- Bassee, Nicolas. "German Renaissance Patterns for Embroidery: A Facsimile Copy of Nicolas Bassee's New Modelbuch of 1568, with an introduction by Kathleen Epstein". Austin: Curious Works Press. ISBN 0-9633331-4-3.
- Gesner, Konrad. "Curious Woodcuts of Fanciful and Real Beasts: A selection of 190 sixteenth-century woodcuts from Gesner's and Topsell's natural histories". New York: Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN: 0-486-22701-4
- Hofer, Hans. "Ain new Formbuech'len der weyssen Arbeyt". Nieuwkoop, Netherlands: Miland Publishers, 1968. (Facsimile of the 1545 edition published in Augsburg)
- Nourry, Claude and Saincte Louie[sic], Pierre de. "Patterns: Embroidery - Early 16th Century". Berkeley, CA: Lacis, 1999. ISBN 1-891656-16-3.
- Shorleyker, Richard. "A Schole-House for the Needle: Produced from the original book printed in 1632 and now in the private collection of John and Elizabeth Mason". Much Wenlock, Shropshire: RJL Smith & Associates, 1998.ISBN 1-872665-72-1.
- Sibmacher, Johan. "Baroque Charted Designs for Needlework". New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1975. "This Dover edition, first published in 1975, is an unabridged republication of the 1880 edition of Newes Modelbuch . . . . Inn Druck verfertigt, a work originally published in Nuremberg in 1604. . ." ISBN 0-486-23186-0.
- Vinciolo, Federico. "Renaissance Patterns for Lace, Embroidery and Needlepoint (An unabridged facsimile of the "Singuliers et nouveaux pourtraicts" of 1587)". New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1971. ISBN 0-486-22438-4
- Newell, Kathryn. "Needlework Patterns from Renaissance Germany: Designs recharted by Kathryn Newell from Johan Sibmacher's Sch?n Neues Modelbuch, 1597". Boulder, CO: Costume & Dressmaker Press, 1999.